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Health consequences of steroid abuse - by: National Institute on Drug Abuse

Scope of steroid use in the United States- by: National Institute of Health

NIDA Index for Anabolic steroid links -by: National Institute on Drug Abuse

Anabolic / Anticatabolic-by: The editors of Iron Man magazine

The Steroid Encyclopedia- by: The creatorss of The Steroid Encyclopedia



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DISCLAIMER: Anabolic steroids (AS) are a controlled substance (U.S. DEA class CIII), and they are a very powerful hormone which might cause serious adverse reaction. does not promote, or encourage the use or the possession of Anabolic steroids. Also, be aware that we are not medical doctors and in no way have the authority to prescribe any types of medicines of give medical advice. If you need medical advice, please consult your physician. Furthermore, every effort has been taken to ensure the accuracy of the information contained in this FAQ, however we cannot assume responsibility for errors, omissions, or for personal and physical damage/harm resulting from the use of the information contained herein. IF YOU DECIDE TO USE ANABOLIC STEROIDS OR ANY OTHER CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE, DO IT AT YOUR OWN RISK.


"Anabolic steroids" is the familiar name for synthetic substances related to the male sex hormones, androgens. They promote the growth of skeletal muscle and the development of male sexual characteristics (androgenic effects), and also have some other effects. The term "anabolic steroids" will be used because of its familiarity, although the proper term for these compounds is "anabolic-androgenic" steroids.

- Anabolic steroids were developed in the late 1930s to treat hypogonadism, a condition in which the testes do not produce sufficient testosterone for normal growth, development, and sexual functioning. The primary medical uses of these compounds are to treat some types of impotence,delayed puberty, and wasting of the body caused by infection or diseases. During the 1930s early 1940s, scientists discovered that anabolic steroids greatly increased growth of skeletal muscle in laboratory animals. Shortly there after bodybuilders and weightlifters began using them and then athletes in other sports started as well.

More common Anabolic Steroids



Oral vs. Injectable

Injectable Steroids: Injectable steroids are considered safer as far as steroid use is concerned because they don't have to be digested. Injectable steroids have a longer half-life (in general) and are usually the choice of experienced steroid users.

Oral Steroids: Most people that consider using steroids are concerned that they wont be able to inject themselves and therefore turn to oral steroids only. This makes oral steroids very popular in the bodybuilding community even though they have been known to be particularly hard on the liver. This is true because they have shorter "half-lives" than injectables. The half-life of a particular steroid is how long it stays active in your system. Because orals have a shorter half-life than injectables, they need to be taken more often. Depending on the quality of the drug, the potency of the drug, and the person, most oral steroid have a half-life of around 3-5 hours and therefore have to be taken several times a day throughout the particular cycle. This puts a huge strain on the liver. Oral steroids that are 17-alpha alkylated put even more strain on the liver.

Testing for Steroids in your blood

. Steroids can remain detectable in a persons system anywhere from 1 week to over a year after use, results will vary based upon the actual substance amount and type used ,and the person using them. For the most popular substances like nandrolone (deca, testosterone), one year is the usual time that they could actually be detected. For injectable testosterone, between 3-6 months is about the average. If you are being tested for "drugs" for employment purposes, 99% of the time a steroid test is not done, they are far to expensive (about $250.00 usd) Random tests for college sports will test for them though, consider yourself forewarned.

Side effects: 
Anabolic steroids are associated with numerous side effects. Most of  
the side effects are mild and reversible. However, some are permanent  
and life threatening. 
In both sexes: 
   *  Acne 
   *  Carcinoma 
   *  Decrease in HDL to LDL (good to bad cholesterol) ratio 
   *  Depression 
   *  Edema due to fluid and electrolytes retention 
   *  Impotence 
   *  Increased or decreased libido 
   *  Insomnia 
   *  Liver cell tumors 
   *  Male pattern baldness 
   *  Nausea 
   *  Vomiting 
In males: 
   *  Bladder irritability 
   *  Prostate Enlargement 
   *  Gynecomastia 
   *  Increased frequency of erection 
   *  Inhibition of testicular function 
   *  Testicular atrophy 
In females: 
   *  Clitoral enlargement 
   *  Deepening of voice 
   *  Increase in facial and body hair 
   *  Menstrual irregularities 
Steroid Types: 
Note: - The names in parenthesis are brand names (some of which are  
      - The dosage provided are, in some cases, the therapeutic  
      - dosages used by athletes can be much higher. 
* Boldenone Undecylenate (Equibold; Equipose; Vebenol) 
      This is a veterinary AS which is used to beef up cattle and  
      race horses. It is also used by many bodybuilders. Boldenone  
      Undecylenate is supposed to be a safe and effective AS. 
      Dosage: 100-250 mg/week  
* Formebolone (Esiclene, Hubernol) 
      This drug is used by athletes for two reasons. First it is used  
      to inflame muscle just before competition. It is also used to help  
      lagging body parts grow. 
      Dosage: One 4 mg Amp. 
* Fluoxymesterone (Android-f; Halotestin; Hysterone) 
      This drug is very toxic on the liver and it's one of the few AS  
      that causes "Roid Rage." It's primarily used to increase the  
      hardness of muscles. 
      Dosage: 5-40 mg/day. 
* Methandrostenolone (Anabol; Dianabol; Metanabol) 
      Dianabol was widely used in the 70's and 80's by most strength  
      athletes. For that reason it was called "the breakfast of  
      champions". D'bol works; Weight and strength gain are in most  
      cases dramatic. It has been discontinued in the U.S. however it  
      is still being manufactured in Russia, Poland and other Eastern  
      European countries and Thailand. 
      Dosage: 5-40 mg/day 
* Methenolone (Primobolan Tabs; Primobolan Depot) 
      This is excellent AS; it is anabolic and insignificantly  
      androgenic. It is usually stacked with D'bal and Test in a  
      bulking cycle and with Winstrol or Parabolan in a cutting cycle.  
      It is found in 5, 25 & 50 mg tablets and in its 100 mg  
      injectable form. 
      Dosage: Tabs. 50-300 mg/day | Inj. 200 mg/wk 
* Methyltestosterone (Android; Metadren; Primotest) 
      This is another toxic drug which is primarily used by  
      weightlifters. It helps in increasing intensity without  
      losing muscle mass. 
      Dosage: 10-40 mg/day. 
* Nandrolone Decanoate (Deca Durabolin; Hybolin Decanoate; Kabolin) 
      This AS is considered by athletes to be one of the best AS  
      available in the U.S. It is highly anabolic and mildly  
      androgenic. Mostly, it is used in conjunction with other AS such  
      as testosterone in a bulking cycle and with Anavar/Parabolan in  
      a cutting cycle. This drug lasts a long time in the body, therefore 
      infrequent injections are required. Some people inject every four  
      weeks although it's not recommended. 
      Dosage: 200-600 mg/wk. 
* Nandrolone Phenpropionate (Anabolin; Durabolin; Nandrocot) 
      This is a fast acting form of Nandrolone Decanoate it last up to 
       five day in the body. 
      Dosage: 50-100 mg/wk. 
* Nandrolone Undecanoate (Dynabolon) 
      Nandrolone Undecanoate comes in 80.5 mg amps which provides 50 mg  
      of free form nandrolone. It's a bit more anabolic/androgenic than  
      Dosage: 161-322 mg/wk 
* Oxandrolone (Anavar; Lonavar; Oxandrin)  
      After a short absence from the US market Oxandrolone is now  
      available in 2.5 mg tabs sold under the brand name Oxandrin.  
      This AS is supposed to be a very safe anabolic steroid that  
      promote protein anabolism. It's very low on androgen and it's  
      primarily used in conjunction with other steroids.  
      Dosage: 10-25 mg/day  
* Oxymetholone (Anadrol 50; Anapolon 50; Plenastrill 50) 
      Anadrol is highly anabolic/androgenic drug (I believe it's the  
      highest anabolic steroids in the market). It causes some serious  
      side effects; various cases of liver cancer were attributed to  
      this drug. Edema and bloating are in most cases associated with  
      the use of Anadrol. 
      Dosage: 1 mg/kg/day 
* Trenbolone Hexahydrobencylcarbonate (Parabolan) 
      Parabolan is an androgen which is highly praised by strength  
      athletes. Parabolan causes a tremendous increase in muscle  
      hardness and muscle strength. it comes in a 76 mg amp and  
      it last 2-4 days in the body. Parabolan works very well when 
      stacked With a low androgen steroid (i.e. Anavar) during a  
      cutting cycle. 
      Dosage: 152-304 mg/wk 
* Mesterolone (Proviron; Pluriviron; Vestimon) 
      Proviron is a strong Androgen which is used by strength athletes  
      as well as by swimmers. The effectiveness of this drug is highly  
      debatable; some bodybuilders don't use Proviron because they  
      believe it's useless while most other BB use it in conjunction  
      with Nolvadex as an Estrogen antagonist. 
      Dosage: 25-50 mg/day 
* Stanozolol (Winstrol; Stromba) 
      Winstrol promotes protein anabolism and it's low on androgen. The  
      injectable form of Winstrol (Winstrol V in the US & Winstrol Depot  
      & Stromba in Europe) is considered to be much safer than the oral  
      Dosage: 4-10 mg/day (Winstrol Tabs) | 100-300 mg/wk (Wins. Inj) 
* Testosterone Esters (Andro-Cyp; Depo-Test.; Primotest Depot; Sustanon) 
      i. Testosterone: Testosterone is dissolved in water and various  
      esters which determines its life span in the body. Generally,  
      Testosterone Suspension last one day in the body, Testosterone  
      Propionate last a few days. Testosterone Cypionate last 1-3 weeks  
      and Testosterone Enanthate last from 2-4 weeks. 
      Dosage: 50-1000 mg/wk 
      ii. Sostenon/Sustanon 250: This is a combination of four  
      testosterones which work in synergy with one another. One of  
      those testosterones is a short acting form, two of them last  
      1-3 weeks, and the last one last up to 4 weeks. Sostenon (in  
      Europe it's called Sustanon) is a very powerful drug which  
      works very well in a bulking cycle. 
      Dosage: 250-1000 mg/wk 

Other drugs used in conjunction with AS 
* Tamoxifen Citrate (Nolvadex; Tamoxifen; Tamoxan) 
      Tamoxifen Citrate (TC) act on preventing gynecomastia (Gyno aka  
      bitch tits) by blocking the receptor sites in the breast area.  
      It is usually used with drugs that are easily converted to Estrogen  
      (i.e. Testosterone and Anadrol). It comes in 10-40 mg tablets. 
      Dosage: 10-20 mg/day 
* Clomiphene Citrate (Clomid; Omifin; Serophene) 
      Clomid is a drug that is used to normalize the function of the  
      testes. It acts directly on the hypothalamus to produce LH and  
      FSH thus increasing the level of Testosterone in the body. 
      Dosage: 50-100 mg/day 
* Human Chrionic Gonadotropin (Chorex; Gonic; Pregnyl) 
      HCG is a drug used to jump start the body's own production of  
      testosterone after the end of a steroid cycle. It act in the  
      body by imitating the action of LH (a hormone that regulated  
      testosterone production). 
      Dosage: 1,500/5,000 Unit two to three times a week 
* Ephedrine HCL (Dymetadrine, Theodrine, plus many O.C. Expectorant)   
      Ephedrine (E) is used medically as an expectorant and it is  
      found in many O.C. drugs. Strength athletes use E for it's  
      thermogenic/anticatabolic effects; many BB compare the effect  
      of E to those of the much stronger drug Clenbuterol. E is  
      usually used in conjunction with Caffeine (C) and Aspirin (A). 
      Dosage: 25mg E + 200 mg C + 300 mg A | 30 min before Exercise 
                                   ( OR ) 
              25mg E + 200 mg C + 300 mg A | three times a day 
* Clenbuterol Hydrocloride (Clenasma; Navegam; Spiropent) 
      Dosage 80-120 mcg/day 
* Human Growth Hormone (Genotropin; Humatrope; Saizen) 
      hGH is a hormone produced by the pituitary (the pea-size organ  
      deep behind your nose). This hormone is used by weight trainers  
      to promote protein anabolism and the release of body fat into  
      the bloodstream. This stuff cost $60-$100 per 4 IU. 
      Dosage: Up to 0.1 mg/kg (0.26 IU/kg) three times a week. 
 Steroids Ratings:
I will use size, strength & side effects as the evaluation criteria. 
NOTE: * indicates a low value (AND) *****  indicate a high value 
Anabolic Steroid                      Size      Strength       Side Effects          
----------------                                    ----          --------       ------------ 
Boldenone Undecylenate      ****          ****              *** 
Fluoxymesterone                         *             ***               ***** 
Formebolone                              ***           N/A             ** 
Methyltestosterone                   **            ****               ***** 
Nandrolone Decanoate          ***           ***                ** 
Nandrolone Phenpropionate ***           ***               ** 
Nandrolone Undecanoate     ***           ***                ** 
Methandrostenolone                *****         *****           ***** 
Oxandrolone                                 *             ***                * 
Oxymetholone                            *****         *****           ***** 
Parabolan                                     **            ****             **** 
Primobolan                                      *             *                * 
Proviron                                            *             *                ** 
Stanozolol (Oral)                            *             **               *** 
Stanozolol (injectable)                 *             **               ** 
Testosterone                               *****          ****           **** 
The best cycles are those that last a short period of time. Those  
cycles usually lasts 8-10 weeks because the most muscle gain come in  
the first month of the cycle. Here are some *BASIC* hypothetical cycles  
of AS. 
i. The Up then Down (Diamond Pattern) Cycle: 
- AS used: Testosterone Cypionate 200 mg/ml 
Week 1.             200 mg 
Week 2.             200 mg 
Week 3.             400 mg 
Week 4.             400 mg 
Week 5.             600 mg 
Week 6.             400 mg 
Week 7.             400 mg 
Week 8.             200 mg 
Week 9.             200 mg 
ii. The Increase-as-you-go Cycle: 
- AS used: Methandrostenolone (D-bal) 5 mg/tab 
Week 1.             10 mg/day 
Week 2.             15 mg/day 
Week 3.             15 mg/day 
Week 4.             20 mg/day 
Week 5.             20 mg/day 
Week 6.             25 mg/day 
iii. The Playing with Days Cycle: 
- AS used: Sostenon 250 mg/ml 
day 1 .             250 mg 
day 14.             250 mg 
day 24.             250 mg 
day 31.             250 mg 
day 38.             250 mg 
day 44.             250 mg 
day 49.             250 mg 
day 54.             250 mg 
iv. Here are  some more advanced AS cycles: 
- AS used: D-bal 5 mg/tab, Sustanon 250 mg/ml, Deca 200 mg/ml, HCG 1500 I.U. 
Week         D-bal            Sustanon      Deca            HCG 1500 I.U. 
1.                10 mg/day         0               200 mg               0 
2.                15 mg/day         0               200 mg               0 
3.                20 mg/day         0               200 mg               0 
4.                25 mg/day         0               200 mg               0 
5.                       0               250 mg         200 mg               0 
6.                       0               250 mg         200 mg               0 
7.                       0               500 mg         200 mg               0 
8.                       0               500 mg         200 mg               0 
9.                       0                    0                      0               2x1500 I.U. 
10.                     0                    0                      0               2x1500 I.U. 
- AS used: Sustanon 250 mg/ml, Dynabolon 80.5 mg/ml, and HCG 1500 I.U. 
Week      Sustanon 250      Dynabolon 80.5      Pregnyl 1500 I.U. 
1.                    250 mg                    161 mg                             0 
2.                    250 mg                    161 mg                             0 
3.                    500 mg                    161 mg                             0 
4.                    500 mg                    161 mg                             0 
5.                    500 mg                    241.5 mg                   3x1500 U 
6.                    500 mg                    241.5 mg                         0 
7.                    750 mg                    241.5 mg                         0 
8.                    750 mg                    241.5 mg                         0 
9.                    250 mg                         0                             3x1500 I.U. 
10.                      0                                 0                             3x1500 I.U. 

Question 1: How is Testosterone produced in the body naturally? 
Answer 1: First, let me say that both males and females produce  
testosterone (T) and Estrogen (E) naturally. However the amount of T and  
E produced varies between the two sexes. In this post I'll emphasize on  
the production of T in males [sorry ladies ] which goes like this: 
When T level in the body falls bellow a certain set-point (set-point varies  
between individuals) the hypothalamus is stimulated to produce Gonadotropin  
Releasing Hormone GnRH). GnRH in turn signal the pituitary to produce  
Luteinizing Hormone (LH) and Follicle Stimulated Hormone (FSH) which is  
then released into the blood stream. Those two hormones travel in the blood  
until they get attached to specialized cells in the testes; LH enters the  
Leydig cells where it stimulate the production of T, while FSH enters the  
Sertoli cells and promotes the production of Sperm. 
Now for sperm cells to mature they need to "swim" in T. So guess who gets  
the first shot at T? The remaining T is then released into the blood stream  
where 97 to 99 percent of them gets bound to serum protein and become  
inactive and then destroyed by the liver. The remaining 1 to 3 percent are  
free to enter sex organs and muscle cells and might, under certain  
circumstances, cause muscle growth. 
At this point the level of T is high in the blood. This high concentration  
of T signals the formation of Inhibin which then signal the hypothalamus to  
stop the production of GnRH and the beginning of the transformation of some  
T to Estrogen (the female sex hormone). When the level of T become low  
again, the whole process is repeated. 
Things to keep in mind: 
      - The average male 21-45 produces 4-12 mg/day of T naturally - if  
        your body produce between 9 & 12 mg/day you're a lucky dog!! 
      - Amount of LH is almost exactly equal to amount of FSH. 
      - Only a very small amount of T produced can cause muscle growth. 
      - Your body is programmed to think That sperm formation is more  
        important than muscle growth. 
      - The process mentioned above is repeated every 1-3 hours. 
Question 2: How do you Inject Anabolic Steroids? 
NOTE: The information below was taken from the current information  
leaflet on steroid use, prepared by the Inner South Community Health  
Services AIDS Prevention Team for Turning Point, Melbourne. A big Thank  
you goes to James M. for bringing this subject to my attention and for 
providing a text copy of the injection leaflet. 
Answer 2: When injecting steroids, whether water or oil based, they must  
be taken intramuscularly, i.e. the injection must penetrate the skin  
and surface fat and enter the muscle. The most common area to inject  
into is the upper outer quarter of the buttock. Injections can also be  
placed into the outer thigh. Intramuscular injections should be given  
deep within the muscle and away from major nerves and blood vessels. 
Some solutions can be harder to inject than others, causing the needle  
to block sometimes. Shake the solution vigorously before drawing into  
the syringe to avoid blocking. 
The most acceptable needle is a 19 or 21 gauge (1.5 inch) with a 2.5ml  
syringe. Needles shorter than 1 inch are not recommended. 
The injection site should be cleaned with an alcohol swab. Always use  
a new syringe and a new needle. To clear the syringe of air slowly  
squeeze the plunger, needle pointed up, until the air bubbles near the  
top are pushed out. Do not touch the needle. Once the syringe is  
inserted deep into the muscle, pull back on the plunger and make sure  
there is no blood in the syringe (indicating you've hit a blood vessel).  
Slowly inject the oil, withdraw the needle and press a new alcohol swab  
on the site. Rub the area vigorously. Always discard the used needle  
properly: use a needle disposal bin or coffee jar and return to a needle  
It is not recommended to use the same injection site more than twice a  

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